the muslim women jilbab

the requirements of the jilbab

1

In the name of Allah Most Beneficent Most Merciful

All praise is for Allah the Exalted and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His

Messenger Muhammad and his family and companions and all those who follow them

and their way until the Day of Resurrection

Introduction

“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the

believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen

themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be

better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be

annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” [Al-Ahzaab

33:59]

"And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their private

parts from sin and not show of their adornment except only that which is

apparent, and draw their headcovers over their necks and bosoms and not

reveal their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their

husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers, or their

brothers' sons, or their sisters' sons, or their women (i.e., their sisters in Islam),

or their female slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants

free of physical desires, or small children who have no sense of women's

nakedness. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of

their adornment. And turn unto Allah altogether, O you Believers, in order

that you may attain success." [Al-Noor 24:31]

This article is a brief attempt to define the basic requirements regarding Muslim

women's dress (Hijab) as stipulated by the Shari'ah (Divine Law) of Islam with a

particular emphasis on the jilbab (over garment)

In this short article, we hope to answer:

- Is the jilbab a requirement for an Islamically proper hijab or can a Muslim woman

simply cover her hair with her normal house clothes?

- What was the practice of the Muslim Women of the First Generations concerning

the jilbab?

- What is considered to be a “jilbab” and what are the requirements for it?

Requirements of the Jilbab www.MemphisDawah.com

Requirements of the Jilbab 3 www.MemphisDawah.com

In this article we mention the evidences that are all solidly backed by firm evidence

taken from the Qur'an, the Sunnah and the practical application the First Generations.

We ask Allah to accept this effort from us and we sincerely pray that this will benefit the

readers.

Definition and Description of the Jilbab (Over Garment)

The Jilbab is defined as the covering with which a woman wraps around her body on

top of her regular household garments to cover herself from head to toe, and is intended

to completely hide the shape of her body.

The jilbab has been mentioned in the following ayah:

O Prophet! Say to your wives and your daughters and the women of the faithful to

draw their outer garments (Jalabib) close around them; that is better that they will

be recognized and not annoyed. And God is ever Forgiving, Merciful. [al-Ahzab

33:59]

This ayah orders Muslim women to draw their outer garments about themselves when

they go out.

The word "jalabib" (outer garments) in the ayah above is the plural of "jilbab" indicating

that this is a command for Muslim women to wear a "jilbab".

Here is how some of the Salaf and other scholars of the past defined the jilbab

Ibn Masud (May Allah Be Pleased with him) said, "Jilbab is that sheet of cloth which is

worn on top of the scarf."

Ibn `Abaas (May Allah Be Pleased with him) said concerning the description of the

jilbab that “it is to be fully wrapped around the women's body, so that nothing appears

but one eye with which she can see." [Tafseer Ibn Katheer]

Al-Qurtubi defined it as "a cloth which covers the entire body...”

Ibn Al-Hazam said: The word jilbab means the outer sheet which covers the entire

body. A sheet smaller than that which would cover the entire body, cannot be

categorized as jilbab. [al-Muhallah,Vol 3. Pg. 217]

Muhammad bin Sireen (May Allah have mercy upon him) said: "When I asked

Ubaydah bin Sufiyan bin al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with him) the meaning of this

verse and how the jilbab was to worn, he demonstrated it to me by pulling a sheet of

Requirements of the Jilbab www.MemphisDawah.com

Requirements of the Jilbab 4 www.MemphisDawah.com

cloth over his head to cover his entire body, leaving the left eye uncovered. This was

also the explanation of the word 'Alaihinna in this verse" [Commentary by Ibn Jarir and

Ahkam-ul-Quran, Vol.III, p .457 ]

Qatadah stated that the jilbab should be wrapped and fixed from above the forehead

and made to cover the nose, (although the eyes can show) and the chest and most of

the face are to be covered.

Other than the above we also find in the following ahadith indications that wearing a

jilbab was not only the practice of the women of the first generations, but an obligation

for women when they leave their homes.

Abu Dawood related that ‘Aishah (May Allah Be Pleased With Her) said: "After this Ayah

was revealed the women of the Ansaar appeared like crows." (Because of the color and

shape of the cloaks they wore).

Umm Salamah (May Allah be pleased with her) narrated that: When the verse, "That

they should draw their over garments (jalabib) close around them" was revealed,

the women of Ansar came out as if they had crows over their heads by wearing over

garments (jalabib).

Umm Atiyya (May Allah Be pleased with her) narrated that “We were ordered to bring

out our menstruating women and secluded women* to the religious gatherings and

invocation of the Muslims on the two Eid festivals. These menstruating women were to

keep away from the musallah. A woman asked, "O’ Messenger of Allah! What about

one who does not have a jilbab?" He said, "Let her borrow the jilbab of her companion".

*NOTE: “Secluded Women” here is referring to the virgin girls who would sit in a special section of the

house.

Allah states further in An-Nur, 24:31:

"And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their private parts

from sin and not show of their adornment except only that which is apparent, and

draw their headcovers over their necks and bosoms and not reveal their

adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their

sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers, or their brothers' sons, or their sisters'

sons, or their women (i.e., their sisters in Islam), or their female slaves whom their

right hands possess, or old male servants free of physical desires, or small

children who have no sense of women's nakedness. And let them not stamp their

feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And turn unto Allah

altogether, O you Believers, in order that you may attain success."

Requirements of the Jilbab www.MemphisDawah.com

Requirements of the Jilbab 5 www.MemphisDawah.com

The women in the time of jahilliyyah (ignorance) wore anklets which were used to attract

attention by stamping their feet and making the anklets jingle. This shows not only that

this practice (of stamping the feet to draw attention), is forbidden by Allah, but also that

the legs and ankles must be covered as well.

Some are of the mistaken view that a woman may display her feet, a portion of her

forearms and her ears, but there is NO authentic proof from the statements of the

Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) his Sahabah or the practice of the Muslim

women from amongst the Sahabah (May Allah be pleased with them) to support this

claim.



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Section : the requirements of the jilbab
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Date : 4/5/2010
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